| No questions were raised to guide exploration. Any questions that did come up during research tended to only scratch the surface.
|| Some questions were raised before exploration began. Most of these questions involved a search for facts or right answers.
|| Several probing questions guided exploration into some of the more complex aspects of the topic. Questions evolved and grew more thoughtful through the process.
| No clear process was used. Surfing, not researching, best describes the activity.
|| A process or step-by-step procedure was used to move the research forward. The process didn't change or adapt, but was more a recipe than a road map.
|| The process began with a clear purpose and intelligently followed good leads. The process was open to change and adapting based on new findings.
| The learning outcome showed little benefit from research and didn't seem to change what was already known about the topic.
|| The learning outcome used newly acquired facts or examples. It's clear knowledge of the topic increased due to research.
|| The learning outcome revealed a deep understanding of the topic. Explanations or interpretations showed a grasp of the topic's complexity.